EU Regulatory Framework: Contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms

(All the links provided below refer to Eur-lex, the electronic Official Journal of the EU - © European Union, 1998-2016)

In the European Union, contained use is defined as “any activity in which micro-organisms are genetically modified or in which such genetically modified micro-organisms (GMMs) are cultured, stored, transported, destroyed, disposed of or used in any other way, and for which specific containment measures are used to limit their contact with, and to provide a high level of safety for, the general population and the environment”.
Common measures aiming at protecting human health and the environment in case of contained use of GMMs are currently laid down in Directive 2009/41/EC of 6 May 2009. This Directive replaces and repeals Directive 90/219/EEC, bringing together this original Directive and its successive amendments into a single act.

  • DIRECTIVE 2009/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. (Recast) (OJ L 125, 21.05.2009, p.75)

Previous EU legislations related to the contained use of GMMs

  • COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 90/219/EEC of 23 April 1990, on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. (OJ L 117, 8.5.1990, p.1)
  • COMMISSION DECISION 91/448/EEC of 29 July 1991, concerning the guidelines for classification referred to in Article 4 of Directive 90/219/EEC. (OJ L 239, 28.8.1991, p.23)
  • COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 94/51/EC of 7 November 1994, adapting to technical progress Council Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. (OJ L 217, 18.11.1994, p.29)​
  • COMMISSION DECISION 96/134/EC of 16 January 1996 amending Decision 91/448/EEC concerning guidelines for classification referred to in Article 4 of Council Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. (OJ L 31, 9.2.1996, p.25)
  • COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/81/EC of 26 October 1998 amending Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. (OJ L 330, 5.12.1998, p.13)
  • COMMISSION DECISION 2000/608/EC of 27 September 2000 concerning the guidance notes for risk assessment outlined in Annex III of Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms.  (OJ L 258, 12.10.2000, p.43)
  • COUNCIL DECISION 2001/204/EC of 8 March 2001 supplementing Directive 90/219/EEC as regards the criteria for establishing the safety, for human health and the environment, of types of genetically modified micro-organisms. (OJ L 073, 15.03.2001, p.32)​